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Local Info

Welcome to Estonia!

Official name: Republic of Estonia

Area: 45 227 km2

Location: North East Europe

Population: 1.3 million

Capital city: Tallinn

Official language: Estonian


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Tartu, the centre of Southern Estonia is situating 185 kilometres south of Tallinn. Tartu is a second largest city in Estonia with its population of 98 480 (2011) in an area of 38,8 square kilometres. For more information please visit Tartu webpage.
You can get to Tartu by car, by plain to Tartu Airport, by bus to Tartu Bus Station or by train to Tartu Railway Station.

It's very common that people are coming to Tartu through the Estonian capital Tallinn, where the hourly bus connection offers very covenient trip lasting 2,5 hours - the same time as by car. 

Tõravere, where you can visit Tartu Observatory, is situated 20 km south from Tartu. Directions how to get to Tõravere.


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Coming by plane


Tartu Airport is situated about 10 km from Tartu city centre and has connections to Helsinki. Airport Shuttle service can help you to get to Tartu city centre. For more information about flights from Helsinki to Tartu and airport services please visit the Tartu airport website.

Tallinn Airport is situated 186 km from Tartu city centre. We suggest to take regular hourly bus there to reach to Tartu.
For more detailed information about the international flights to Tallinn please visit the Tallinn airport website.


Coming by bus


Estonia has bus links with major cities in Germany, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, and Lithuania. Most of the connections come to Tallinn Bus StationTartu Bus Station has direct bus connections with Riga (Latvia) and St. Petersburg (Russia).

Within Estonia hourly buses from Tallinn to Tartu makes usually a stop at airport. Both international and Estonian intercity bus routes please check on Luxexpress website.


Coming to Estonia by ferry


From Stockholm and Helsinki, there is also a ferry connection to Tallinn. 
Detailed information on routes please find on Port of Tallinn website.

General Information


Climate: The climate in Estonia is temperate, characterized by warm summers and fairly severe winters. The weather is often breezy and humid due to the proximity of the Baltic Sea. Average temperatures range from +20,9’ C in summer (July is the hottest month) to –8‘C in winter. Although occasionally the temperature may rise to 30’ C and above in summer or sink below – 30’ C in winter, it is very unusual at our latitude.


Inhabitants: About 410.000 and almost a half of that are Estonians, 40 % Russians and 10 % smaller communities of people from Belarus, Ukraine and Finland.


Language: Estonian language that belongs to the Finno-Ugric language group. English, Finnish and Russian are widely spoken.


Local time: Eastern European Time, GMT + 2 hours.


Currency: The official currency in Estonia is EURO.


Credit cards: Major credits cards are accepted at hotels, restaurants, shops and the leading banks.


Opening hours: Banking hours Monday-Friday 09.00AM-04.00PM. Most banks are closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Currency exchange offices are open from Monday to Friday 09.00AM-06.00PM and on Saturdays 09.00AM-03.00PM. Shops are open Monday-Friday 09.00AM-07.00PM and Saturday 09.00AM-04.00PM. Some remain open until 08.00PM; 09.00PM or 10.00PM and some are open on Sundays. Number of supermarkets and exchange offices are operating around the clock.


Telephone: IDD system is available at all hotels. GSM and NMT net are in wide operation.


Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50 hertz, European-style 2-pin plugs are in use.


Taxi: All licensed taxis charge according to the meter.


Visa: Estonia belongs to EU and Schengen Visa area regulations apply. For further information regarding the visa requirements please visit the website of Estonian Foreign Ministry:


Tax-free: Tax-free purchase is available in the airport upon departure. The shops have a reasonable choice of goods.